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Nigeria, climate change, conflict, and COVID. Why Buhari’s carbon emissions promise is inadequate

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During fifty years from 1950 to 2000, progress in human development around the globe was unprecedented, and countries like Nigeria with the lowest human development indicators were making the fastest progress in health, education, and civil and political liberties.

During these fifty years:

  • Life expectancy rose by 10 years
  • Infant mortality was nearly halved
  • Food production outpaced population growth
  • Illiteracy dropped by a third
  • More children, and particularly more girls, were enrolled in primary school
  • Former colonies became independent democracies

In the first two decades of this century, progress continued. Poverty reduction was unprecedented. Child malnutrition, maternal mortality and the per cent living in extreme poverty declined significantly in many countries.

In Poverty and Shared Prosperity, the World Bank reported in 2020: “For almost 25 years, extreme poverty was steadily declining. The number of…

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